Pengeboman Melalui Udara dalam Perang Yaman: Tinjauan Berdasarkan Prinsip Proporsionalitas Hukum Humaniter Internasional

Milzam Giovanny Ariaputra, Khoirur Rizal Lutfi

Abstract


Peperangan merupakan hal yang tidak bisa dihindarkan dengan berbagai latar belakang. Seiring perkembangan teknologi, salah satu cara yang lazim digunakan saat ini adalah pengeboman melalui udara. Cara ini efektif namun sering memakan korban dari pihak sipil yang tentu menjadi larangan Hukum Humaniter Internasional. Perang Yaman, dimana pihak koalisi Arab Saudi melakukan pengeboman melalui udara disebut acapkali mengenai objek yang bukan objek militer hingga banyak menewaskan masyarakat sipil. Dalam perspektif hukum humaniter internasional Prinsip Proporsionalitas melarang lebih besarnya kerusakan yang tidak perlu dibandingkan dengan keuntungan militer yang didapat. Untuk itu tulisan ini membahas bagaimana hukum internasional utamanya Hukum Humaniter mamandang peristiwa pengeboman melalui udara dalam konteks perang Yaman. Hasil pembahasan yang dilakukan menunjukan bahwa pengeboman melalui udara yang dilakukan oleh koalisi Arab Saudi dalam perang Yaman tidak Proporsional, karena banyaknya pengeboman melalui udara yang dilakukan tidak sesuai dengan Protokol 1 Konvensi Jenewa tahun 1977 dan statuta Roma tahun 1998.

Keywords


Prinsip Proporsionalitas; Pengeboman Melalui Udara; Perang Yaman; Hukum Humaniter Internasional

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References


Daftar Pustaka

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46839/lljih.v0i0.252

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