Prinsip Itikad Baik (Good Faith) dan Transaksi Jujur (Fair Dealing) Sebagai Dasar Contract Perdagangan Internasional

Syamsu Thamrin

Abstract


Kajian terhadap permasalahan prinsip itikad baik dan transaksi jujur tersebut dianggap cukup penting sebagai
bahan pemikiran bagi pembaharuan hukum. Pembaharuan hukum (law reform) pada abad XXI, khususnya
yang menyangkut hukum komersial harus dilakukan melalui studi komparatif, mengingat akibat globalisasi ekonomi,
interaksi komersial antara negara cenderung mengarah pada penyatuan sistem dan pranata hukum.
Oleh karena itu penggunaan metode perbandingan merupakan keharusan. Isu hukum yang mengemuka
adalah : Apa yang dimaksud dengan itikad baik (good faith) sebagai konsep hukum dan bagaimana bentuknya dalam
prilaku transaksi sehari-hari? dan bagaimana bentuk norma hukum dan penerapannya? Menurut Prinsip UNIDROIT
tanggung jawab hukum telah lahir sejak proses negoisasi. Prinsip-prinsip hukum yang berlaku bagi proses negoisasi
adalah : (1) kebebasan negoisasi; (2) tanggung jawab atas negoisasi dengan itikad buruk; dan (3) tanggung jawab
atas pembatalan negoisasio dengan itikad buruk. Hal mana secara tegas telah menentukan bahwa jiwa (soul) dari
transaski bisnis sejak negoisasi sampai pelaksanaan kontrak harus dilandasi dengan prinsip itikad baik dan transaksi jujur.
Setiap negara dituntut harus memiliki sikap persahabatan sebagai dasar prilaku bisnis. Sikap ini kemudian harus
dikembangkan menjadi prinsip itikad baik (good Faith) dan transaksi yang jujur (Fair Dealing). Kedua prinsip
ini harus menjadi "the soul of business" dalam setiap perhubungan antar bangsa yang melewati batas negara/wilayah
sehingga dapat berlangsung secara adil dan jujur.


kata kunci: Prinsip Itikad Baik (Good Faith), Transaksi Jujur (Fair Dealing), Contract Perdagangan Internasional.



Abstract:

Study of the problems of the principle of good faith and honest transaction is considered quite
important as food for thought to the renewal of the law. Renewal of the law (law reform) in the XXI
century, especially regarding the commercial law should be carried out through a comparative
study, considering the result of economic globalization, the commercial interaction between
countries is likely to lead to the unification of the system and legal order. Therefore, the use of the
method of comparison is a must. Legal issues which arise are: What is a good faith (good faith) as
the legal concepts and how to shape the behavior of everyday transactions? and how the shape of
the rule of law and its application? According to the UNIDROIT Principles of legal responsibility
has been born since the negotiation process. Legal principles applicable to the negotiation process
are: (1) freedom of negotiation; (2) the responsibility for negotiating in bad faith; and (3) the
responsibility for the calcellation negoisasio bad faith. Where it has expressly determines that the
spirit (soul) of business transactions from negotiations to contract implementation must be based on
the principles of good faith and honest dealings. Each state is required should have an attitude of
friendship as the basis of business behavior. This attitude must then be a principle of good faith
dikembangankan (good Faith) and an honest deal (Fair Dealing). Both of these principles must be
"the soul of business' in any nexus between nations cross-border/region so as to be fair and
honest.



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Keywords


Principles of Good Faith (Good Faith), Transaction Honest (Fair Dealing), International Trade Contract.

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